I love edibles. In part, I suspect my love of eating to be behind this, though this doesn’t change that fact that the preparation and consumption of cannabis are just the pretexts for the experience of cannabinoids. And I want to help you enjoy the most out of your cannabis experience with this guide on how to make pot butter at home. If you are in a state that allows recreational sales–as with many other purchase types–it is cheaper to make edibles than to buy them, though, even so, it is ultimately more convenient to purchase an infused product.
There are countless weed butter recipes available today, ranging in effectiveness, potency, texture, taste, and quality. While expressing how the consumer palate will receive the infused product will assist as a growing population grapples with their first experiences, there is also those seeking to learn how to make pot butter to revel in nostalgia and freedom under medical and recreational legislation.
When you set out to make canna butter, there are a few tools that seem ubiquitous to all recipes, so make sure you have them available before starting to make canna butter.
|1 Sauce pan of medium size||1 Spatula||Several Cheesecloth|
|1 Wooden Ladle||1 Glass/ ceramic oven-safe container||1 Strainer|
With so many weed butter recipes available online (like this one), it makes sense to pick and choose through them until you find what works best for you. When I was first taught how to make pot butter, I was taught to either use Ghee or make your own clarified butter. This way once the infusion process begins, all milk solids and water are removed from the butter, allowing for a smoother consistency, enhanced flavor, and several additional health benefits.
Making clarified butter to make canna butter with is simple. Check out this tutorial for a step-by-step guide. When learning how to make pot butter, knowing how to separate the milk solids and remove excess water can affect how well you can cook with the finished product. Clarified butter, being free of milk solids and water, can handle high heat better than traditional butter (and even better than several varieties of oil).
Consider the purpose
The abundance of weed butter recipes can often leave people even more bewildered, adding stress (or possibly excited curiosity) to the infusion process. I believe this is a result of lack of common knowledge of cannabinoids; although, for the purpose of learning how to make pot butter, it is the point at which the cannabinoids available in the plant are converted into their activated, acid-less form–allowing them to pass through the blood-brain barrier–that we should take interest in while we make canna butter.
Plants commonly contain concentrations of both THCa and CBDa, though most plants bred today are bred to contain high levels of the psychoactive THC via THCa. Before you start to make canna butter, first your leaves, trim, buds, and flowers must have the cannabinoids converted from acid-form to a form accessible to the brain. When learning how to make pot butter, this step is one of the most important if you want the most activated (and therefore most rich in cannabinoids) butter.
The simplest directions are as follows:
- Preheat oven to around 220 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Grind/ cut all buds, trim, flowers, stems
- Spread plant matter out evenly on a glass or ceramic oven safe container and cover with tinfoil
- Baked covered container for one hour, flipping the plant matter after the first thirty minutes.
- Allow plant matter to sit for 10 minutes.
A few things to remember about decarbing your buds:
- Don’t cook them at too high of a temperature. Once you pass a certain temperature and/or time threshold, the plant will begin converting THC to CBN faster than it can convert THCa to THC, which can be awesome if you want to make canna butter than helps with sleep, nausea, pain, and inhibits cancer cell growth.
- Decide if you want to keep any of the THCa or CBDa. Similar to how CBN shows up with too much exposure to heat and oxygen, if you decarb your plants on a lower temperature or for less time, the weed butter recipe you end up with can contain higher levels of THCa or CBDa. Check this out for more information on the effects of THCa.
So before you just decide on how to make pot butter, because many of the recipes aren’t that different to the new canna-baker, consider how you want the cannabis to affect you–what do you want to experience?
Four Potency Tested Methods
When you learn how to make pot butter, it is important to research at least one method, but possibly try several. I like to take in what works for others and create a system that works for me though experimentation, but it’s not necessary with all the weed butter recipes out there.
In 2015, High Times magazine performed an analysis of cannabinoid concentrations found when they make canna butter. They used four different recipes and utilized two separate labs for analysis via High Pressure Liquid Chromatography.
“Scientific Cannabutter”: For this method, you’ll need a crock pot, everclear, and 8 hours. The Everclear is sprayed or sprinkled onto the cannabis flowers once removed from the oven during the decarb process. This is meant to help the cannabinoids transfer to the butter fats. You let the flowers sit for 10-15 minutes once you finish misting them with Everclear. From here, this weed butter recipe calls for the decarbed plant matter to simmer in the crock pot for 6-7 hours at low, stirring regularly to prevent burning. Once enough time has passed, let sit for near a half hour before straining through a cheese cloth into a container of your choice.
“Bioavailable Cannabutter”: To make canna butter of this variety, you’ll have to pick up some lecithin before you begin. The addition of lecithin to this weed butter recipe is similar to why lecithin is commonly found in chocolate: to aid in emulsifying the mixture, make it smooth. Additionally, it is used as a safe additive to pharmaceuticals to stimulate absorption. Here we use it for the same reason: to increase the amount of THC available to your body, enhancing absorption speeds. I recommend checking out the article if you want to know how to make pot butter of this type. While not hard, to make canna butter this way just requires several tedious steps.
“Water-Simmered Cannabutter”: Learning how to make pot butter of this variety is probably the most simple of the techniques High Times tested. This weed butter recipe doesn’t have a decarboxylation stage, so if you make canna butter of this type, it may have higher concentrations of THCa. Basically, you boil a quart of water, add the butter, add the cannabis, and simmer for roughly three hours. After straining the mixture through a cheese cloth, place the container into the refrigerator and let it sit for an hour.
“Scentless Cannabutter”: If you opt to make canna butter this way, the biggest difference is a blanching stage. You boil your buds before a quick ice shock, followed by the decarboxylation stage. You’ll need a French press and an electric kettle and about three hours to make this weed butter recipe.
The results of the analysis showed which of these four methods is best at ensuring full activation, which supplies the best yield, etc…
This article on how to make pot butter would be horribly incomplete if I didn’t at least mention that you can use concentrates to make butter as well. You can use your favorite concentrate, as long as you decarboxylate the concentrate first, as a substitute for flowery buds and trim in any of the weed butter recipes you may find.
I also feel compelled to inform on how to make blends of cannabis infused oil/ butter products. Coconut Oil is high in saturated fat and blends well clarified butter. The combination of the two converges in a buttery, nutty, and delicious infused product that gives you sustainable energy.
by Joey Wells