Your source for Arizona cannabis
Learn more about marijuana in Arizona.
In 2010, medical marijuana was legalized in Arizona, a state known for the Grand Canyon, rugged red mesas, mountainous plateaus, and the iconic sundrenched Saguaro cactus. While recreational marijuana was rejected by voters in 2016, the state continues to offer a comprehensive medical marijuana program, and adult-use recreational cannabis may not be far away.
Is Marijuana Legal in Arizona?▼▲
Arizona currently operates as a medical marijuana state only.
When Did Marijuana Become Legal in Arizona?▼▲
In late 2010, Arizona’s Proposition 203 was voted into law. By April 14, 2011, the law was enacted. In May 2011, the state began accepting applications for dispensaries. Arizona voters rejected a measure in 2016 that would have created a recreational market.
Where Are Dispensaries Located in Arizona?▼▲
Dispensaries are licensed based on the number of pharmacies in the surrounding area. For every ten pharmacies in the area, one license can be issued for a dispensary. In absence of the proper ratio of pharmacies to dispensaries, each county is guaranteed at least one dispensary.
Where Can I Consume Marijuana?▼▲
Medical marijuana, while being legal to purchase for medical cardholders, remains illegal to consume publicly. In order to avoid legal run-ins, smoking is best left for private property, like your home.
Edibles, however, are odorless and can be consumed legally in most public spaces in Arizona. Schools, school buses, or correctional facilities remain illegal places to consume marijuana.
How Do I Get a Job in the Marijuana Industry of Arizona?▼▲
Arizona requires dispensaries to operate as nonprofits, therefore dispensaries are headed by a board. In order to access the application to become a dispensary agent, you’ll either need to first become a dispensary member or meet someone on the board. Dispensary members, as board members, have access to the state applications - for themselves and for dispensary agents.
If you are not a board member, you will have to find one to apply for you.
Once you have submitted an application to become a dispensary agent, you’ll be fingerprinted and put through a rigorous background check. Assuming you don’t have any convictions for felony-level violent crime or drugs, your next employer could be a legal purveyor of medical marijuana!
Is Drug Testing for Marijuana Legal in Arizona?▼▲
Drug testing for marijuana remains legal within Arizona, but only if the employer stands to lose money under federal regulatory obligations. However, Prop 203 does specify that qualifying cardholders cannot be discriminated upon hiring - including imposing conditions of employment - or termination.
Employer action for a positive test for marijuana, unless the cardholders is impaired on the job, is seen as discriminatory and, therefore, cardholders are protected under Arizona law.
Is Marijuana Delivery Legal in Arizona?▼▲
Yes; when Arizona Prop 203 defined “medical use”, the definition included wording that would allow the direct delivery or transfer of marijuana from a caregiver or dispensary to the qualifying cardholder.
How Do I Pay for Marijuana at Arizona Dispensaries? ▼▲
The federal illegality of marijuana continues to hinder the industry, with banking and card payment services being two of the casualties. Luckily, many dispensaries in Arizona have found a tolerable substitute that helps in the meantime, allowing the use of a debit card for transactions at a fee. Since the industry is mostly cash based, dispensaries generally have an ATM on-site as well.
Marijuana is Legal▼▲
While neighbors Colorado and Nevada have been able to successfully campaign for and pass recreational legislation, Arizona - despite an attempt in 2016 - thus far has failed to do so. Here is how medical marijuana works in Arizona:
Proposition 203, legalizing medical marijuana, was met with fierce opposition, ultimately passing after receiving around 4,000 more votes in support. Out of over 1.6 million votes cast, that's a winning margin of just 0.2 percent.
Contained within the sixteen pages of legislation is a comprehensive framework capable of managing the expectations on topics from possession limits to the type of doctor who can recommend cannabis.
Additionally, Arizona allows medical marijuana cardholders reciprocity. Reciprocity is a sort of legal arrangement likened to mutual respect. In Arizona marijuana laws, reciprocity refers to a traveling cardholders access to affirmative defense while visiting. For instance, if an active cardholder from Colorado was caught with less than the possession limit as defined by Prop 203, rather than suffering the felony level charges, their day would continue uninterrupted. Visiting cardholders cannot shop at Arizona dispensaries.
While cannabis use is permitted for valid medical cardholders, smoking is not to be done publicly. Outside of your home, options for consumption are likely to be significantly constrained by this point. A few possible options include:
- Choose edibles, a nearly odorless substitute
- Toke at the home of friends and family
Marijuana cannot be smoked publicly. Edibles may be consumed legally, as long as you are not in or near a school or correctional facility. As of June 2018, concentrated marijuana is banned from being sold across the state.
Purchase and Possession Limits▼▲
Medical marijuana cardholders with active registrations with the Arizona Department of Health Services are able to purchase up to 2.5 ounces, or 70 grams, of marijuana every two weeks for a total of five ounces per month.
A cardholder or their designated caregiver can at any time possess up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana or marijuana products.
If you are a medical cardholder, use and possession of marijuana are not enforceable charges under state law. As much as those protections are helpful, unfortunately, there are still many serious legal consequences for marijuana-related activities within the state.
While many of the penalties, including fines and prison time, are already very stiff, directly providing marijuana to children and youth populations under the age of 18 significantly compounds fines and prison sentencing.
Growing Marijuana At Home in Arizona▼▲
If a cardholder lives more than 25 miles from the nearest marijuana dispensary, Arizona allows medical marijuana cardholders to grow up to twelve plants in a locked, secure area at home. Registered caregivers may care for no more than five cardholders at a time and may cultivate up to twelve plants for each cardholder.
Arizona allows cardholders to grow up to twelve plants, a number of plants that can produce more than enough to exceed the state possession limits for medical cardholders. The single caveat: anything in excess of 2.5 ounces of usable marijuana that is grown at home, stays at home. It must be locked and secure, just as the plant nursery.
Driving and Marijuana in Arizona▼▲
Many states continued the heavy-handed prohibition of cannabis. As an Arizona medical cardholder, you are eligible to travel with your cannabis within the state boundaries as much you like. The moment you cross any state line, the possibility of legal action mounts.
Driving While Intoxicated
Some illnesses, ailments, and conditions that qualify for the medical marijuana program in Arizona require constant medication, and the state of Arizona knows that. Prop 203, however, does not allow driving while under the influence of marijuana as a cardholder. Tantamount to a DUI, being in operational control of a vehicle while medicated is illegal and subject a misdemeanor offense and fines.
Medical marijuana cardholders are protected from being found under the influence of marijuana merely because of the presence of cannabis metabolites.