Marijuana Glossary

Marijuana Glossary

Access Point

A legally licensed and authorized location where patients can purchase medical marijuana; often synonymous with a dispensary.

Aroma

Used to describe the smell or taste of a particular plant, flower, or strain.

Backcross (BX)

A hybrid plant bred with one of its parents or a genetically similar plant to achieve offspring whose genetic identity is closer to that of the parent; often done to preserve a rare strain or to recover elite plant properties and characteristics.

BHO (butane hash oil)

A highly concentrated and highly potent form of marijuana made by extracting THC from cannabis buds or flowers. Marijuana in its plant form is dissolved most commonly in butane then heated until the butane has evaporated and only the cannabinoids remain taking on a hardened or viscous form. Also referred to as dabs, wax, or shatter depending on manner of production.

Blunt

Created by rolling marijuana in cigar paper or tobacco leaves; marijuana cigar.

Bong

Common slang for a water pipe used for smoking marijuana.

Bubble Hash

A solvent-free hash extracted by sifting buds or flowers onto screens (bubble bags) submerged in ice water. One of the safest forms of hash. Also referred to as ice wax, full-melt, or solventless hash.

Bud

The actual flowering part of the cannabis plan. Harvested and consumed as the preferred portion of the plant as it contains the highest concentration of THC and other cannabinoids.

Budder

A type of BHO created from being heated at higher temperatures for longer periods of time. Ranges in colors from white to yellow and generally comes in a cratered, flakey form. Also referred to as earwax and crumble.

Calyx

Tear-shaped nodules from which the female flowers bloom and range in color from yellow and green to deep purple, depending on the strain.

Cannabinoid

Chemical compounds found in cannabis that stimulate the human body’s natural receptors. Of the more than 85 known cannabinoids present in cannabis, THC and CBD are the most abundant and responsible for the psychoactive high and pain relieving effects of recreational and medical marijuana.

Cannabis

A genus of flowering plants that includes three species; cannabis sativa, cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis. All recreational and medical marijuana is produced from these plants due to their high cannabinoid content. Originally indigenous to Central and South Asia, cannabis is now cultivated globally.

Cannabutter/Cannaoil

Cannabinoid infused fat-based solution achieved by heating herbal cannabis along with butter or oil and allowing the fat to extract THC and other cannabinoids from the plant converting it to an edible medium.

CBD

Abbreviation for cannabidiol, one of the most abundant cannabinoids found in cannabis, second only to THC. Considered to have more medical applications than THC and without the psychoactive effects. Regarded for its effective treatment of conditions such as chronic pain, inflammation, and anxiety.

Clone

A genetically identical cannabis plant developed by a grower cutting a part of the parent plant, usually from the main stem or a lateral branch, and allowing it to produce roots and mature into a whole new plant.

Cola

The main bud site located at the top of a cannabis plant where the majority of its flowers will form.

Concentrates

Referring to hash, hash oil, BHO, budder, wax, cannabutter, or any highly potent solvent made by extracting THC and other cannabinoids from marijuana. Manufacturing methods and extraction solution determine the consistency and form of the final product.

Co-op

Cooperative communities of consumers who join to buy, sell, and share marijuana; generally membership is required.

Cottonmouth

Common slang term for the dry mouth aftereffect consistent with smoking certain strains of marijuana.

Cross

The product of breeding two genetically different plant strains.

Dabbing

Common slang term for smoking a dose of BHO or another form of concentrate.

Decriminalization

Reducing the criminal penalties associated with the consumption and possession of cannabis into a civil infraction.

Dispensary

A legally licensed medical or recreational marijuana distributor; generally refers to any access point, co-op, retail store, or pick-up location.

Edibles/Medibles

Cannabis-infused edible products in the form of baked goods, candies, and beverages. Cannabutter and cannaoil can also be used by consumers to create their own edibles. Offering a delayed onset of powerful and intense effects, most edibles are highly potent.

Feminized

Cannabis plants grown from seeds selectively bred to produce only female plants. Unfertilized female plants yield the highest concentration of THC and cannabinoids and are the only ones used to create marijuana products.

Finger/Scissor Hash

Brown putty-like hash made from resins and trichomes collected from the scissors or gloves of a grower following a harvest or trimming.

Flowering Time

Refers to the time it takes for a plant’s flowers to reach full maturation and is affected by the length of daily sun exposer. Growers are responsible for deciding when to harvest as flowering times vary depending on strain type.

Flowers

Sticky, resinous reproductive organs of cannabis plants covered in cannabinoid-filled trichomes harvested and dried to create marijuana.

Frosty

Common adjective used to describe cannabis plants or marijuana covered in a dense coat of white trichomes.

Grinder

Device used to break up marijuana buds into smaller pieces more suitable for consuming.

Hash

Gold, brown, or red cannabis-derived powder composed of extracted and compressed trichomes and resin.

Hash Oil

Paste-like substance similar to hash made by extracting cannabinoids with a chemical solvent; highly potent with a THC content exceeding 60%.

Haze

Referring to a sativa-dominant strain originating from South America, India, and Thailand; known for its powerful psychoactive effects attributed to its high THC and low CBD content.

Heirloom

A foreign cannabis strain introduced to and propagated in a new geographical region.

Hemaphrodite

A plant exhibiting properties of the opposite gender usually brought on by stress during cultivation.

Hemp

Male cannabis plant generally cultivated for its fibrous product used to manufacture rope, clothing, paper, and a variety of other items.

High

The psychoactive mental effect produced by using marijuana or consuming any form of cannabis containing THC.

Hybrid

A plant created by genetically crossing separate strains of cannabis; generally bred to enhance the desired properties of one strain while minimizing the unwanted characteristics of another.

Hyrdoponics

Refers to a process used to grow cannabis in enriched water instead of packed soil; generally used to control nutrient intake and stability.

Indica

Species of the cannabis plant originating from areas around the Middle East; Afghanistan, Turkey, and Morocco, etc. Its relaxing and sedating effects are preferred for nighttime use.

Joint

Created by rolling marijuana inside of rolling paper; marijuana cigarette.

Keif

Sticky trichomes that have been separated from the marijuana flower.  The highly potent THC crystals are commonly used as the main ingredient in hashish.

Kush

A popular indica plant originating from a landrace strain in the Hindu Kush mountain range of the Middle East.  Cultivated for one of the first legally licensed commercial trials of medicinal marijuana and known for its distinct earthy and sweet aroma.

Landrace

An indigenous strain that has adapted to its geographical region. After years of isolation and inbreeding, a strain evolves by taking on traits best suited for survival in the environment in which they grow. Strains are often named after the region in which they grow (e.g., Afghan Kush, Columbian Gold, and Hawaiian Haze)

Males

Cannabis plants generally grown for strain development and produce only pollen sacs during the flowering phase rather than pistils.

Marijuana

Dried flowers and trimmings of the female cannabis plant that contain medicinal and psychoactive cannabinoids.

Munchies

Common slang term for the intense increase in appetite following cannabis use.

Nectar

A sappy BHO usually produced by slightly heating shatter until it begins to soften and melt.

OG

A popular name given to many strain variations and hybrids of the original Ocean Grown Kush strain from Southern California.

Phenotype

Physical characteristics and markers of a cannabis plant (height, color, calyx-to-leaf ratio, etc.) that can be used by growers to evaluate the well-being of a plant.

Pistil

The tiny colored hairs found near the calyx on a cannabis plant responsible for collecting pollen from male plants to create seeds. While still present in the final dried product, they don’t affect the taste or potency of the marijuana.

Pre-roll

A marijuana cigarette or joint that has been rolled ahead of time, sometimes by a rolling machine and with low quality shake; available to purchase at many dispensaries.

Recreational

Marijuana legally purchased and consumed by any adult 21 and older in states where the non-medical sale and use of cannabis has been legalized and regulated.

Ruderalis

Species of cannabis plant originating from the cold tundra regions of Russia. A very rare plant with low potency and yield generally only chosen by breeders for its auto-flowering characteristics.

Sativa

Species of the cannabis plant originating from equatorial regions such as South America and Thailand. Known for its cerebral high and uplifting effects; preferred for daytime use.

Shake

Leftover plant debris from trimming or storage generally comprised of single sugar leaves and stems; usually provides a harsh taste if consumed.

Shatter/ice

A form of BHO produced by maintaining proper and constant temperatures during the purging process of BHO production. Because it lacks the plant waxes and lipids found in most concentrates, winterized shatter offers much higher potency and purer flavor. Usually a translucent gold or amber colored substance that can be easily broken into pieces.

Strain

A specific variety of a plant species bred and developed by growers to highlight certain traceable properties usually named by its breeder to reflect the plant’s appearance, potential effects, or place of origin.

THC

Abbreviation for delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol, the most prevalent cannabinoid found in marijuana and commonly associated with getting high due to its psychoactive properties. Research shows THC to be a relatively safe and effective treatment for an array of medical conditions as overdosing poses no lethal risk.

Tincture

A liquid cannabis extract mixed with alcohol or glycerol. Generally tinctures are fast acting as they can be placed a few drops at a time under the tongue for quick absorption. For a delayed onset of effects, tinctures may be ingested with food or drink and absorbed through the digestive system.

Tolerance

Referring to an individual’s resistance to the effects of cannabis both physically and mentally. A person of higher tolerance would have to consume more to get equally as high as one with lower tolerance consuming less.

Topical

Lotions, balms, sprays, and ointments made from cannabis extracts and oils that have been decarboxylated to active cannabinoids. Can by directly applied to and quickly absorbed by the skin making it a perfect option for localized pain relief but will not provide cerebral stimulation or psychoactive reactions.

Trichome

Resin-filled glands that cover the stem, leaves, and calyxes of cannabis plants as a manner of protection against the elements. The mushroom-shaped protrusions contain the vast majority of a plant’s terpenes and cannabinoids with their bulbous tips being the most potent. Depending on a plant’s length of maturation, trichomes can vary in color from clear to cloudy and black.

Vaporizer

Inhalant device that slowly heats cannabis to a temperature high enough to extract cannabinoids, converting them to airborne vapors. The remaining plant material isn’t heated enough to cause combustion, reducing the amount of harmful byproducts and exposure to toxins; a healthier alternative to smoking.

Wax

An unstable form of BHO produced by inadequate purging techniques during the extraction process. Often the BHO is whipped allowing air to enter and trap butane molecules in the concentrate. Shatter and budder can also degrade into wax form when left to heat in the sunlight.

Weed

Common slang term for marijuana; also referred to as pot, herb, dope, dank, or chronic.